No Fruit On Your Fruit Trees
Imagine, a fruit tree with tons of fruit on it’s branches. Wouldn’t it be nice to pick your choice of fruit from a fruit tree and eat it almost instantly? There are many reasons why trees produce poor quality or no fruit at all. Below are some reasons why this happens and better yet what you can do to make fruit much more fruitful.
Freezing temperatures – Trees that bear fruit need freezing temps. Each variety of trees require different chilling hrs in order for them to produce good quality, abundant fruit. Wikipedia has a nice chart that will explain chilling hrs. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chilling_requirement
The age of the tree. If your fruit tree has only been planted 1 maybe 2 years it is rare they will bear fruit at such a young age. Apple, Apricot and some types of cherry trees will take about 3 maybe 4 years to start producing. Peach, pear and plums trees will usually bear fruit in about 3 maybe 4 years. It is important to note all store bought fruit trees are grafted which means the root system is 1-2 years older than the trunk or top of the tree.
Is your tree in Good Health
It stands to reason a healthy tree will produce good quality fruit as apposed to a diseased or insect infested one. Keep this in mind when planting your tree, it must be inspected on a regular basis, once or twice a year is not enough. Once per week starting in spring is more like it. Any problems should be addressed asap. Talk to your county extension agent or call your nearest full time nursery store…not the big box retail store.
Your tree needs to be pollinated (flowers). Bees, humming birds, and butterflies will help in pollination. Even the wind can carry pollen from one tree to the next. Some trees are Self-pollinated but not all varieties will produce fruit if there aren’t enough pollinators.
Most apricot trees are self pollinating with the exception of the the “Goldrich and “Perfection” variety.
Pruning your trees. Only prune if there is a good reason to do so. Over crossing branches that are touching or dead limbs should be cut off. Branches that are touching or close to electrical wires should also be pruned. Be sure to call a professional fruit tree pruner before doing so. Over pruning can delay the production of flowers thus smaller yields.
Planting your trees. Give them plenty of room to grow make sure they are in full sunlight. Keep them away from other trees that will shade them. Use mulch to keep moisture in this will also help control weeds and insects. Watering from a lawn sprinkler system is not sufficient water. It needs it’s own watering system.
Late spring frosts are a big problem for fruit trees. Keeping abreast on local weather conditions during spring will help determine the proper course to protecting your trees. If your tree is small to medium sized you can cover with a thermal tree blanket. These can be purchased at your local nursery store. There are orchard heaters that can be used but they are expensive and not really worth it if you only have 2-3 trees in your back or front yard.
The three most important parts of this post are watering, fertilizing and observation. If you can do those three things your trees will produce fruit.