Typically these varieties of Orchids are what most beginners buy. They are really easy to take of. If you are new to these exotic plants we recommend the following book
Easy Care Orchids
Phalaenopsis - Is a favorite among orchid care enthusiasts. Long-lasting blooms with many colors and are inexpensive. Temperatures - Needs about 15 to 20F. Seedlings need about 10 degrees higher than mature plants. Water - Do not let plants dry out. Younger plants needs more waterings and attention. Fertilizer - Should be fertilized on a regular basis. A good 10-10-10 or similiar ratio. Fertilize every week at one quater to one half of recommended dilution. Potting - Should be done every 2-3 years. Better if done during late spring.
Are easily suited for home growning, requiring only bright light and your normal home temperatures. Also called a slipper orchid and blooms are long lasting up to 10 weeks of bloom. Temperatures - Most mature orchids need about 15 to 20f temperatures between night and day. Water - Never let plants dry out. Fertilier - Must be fertilized on a regular basis, but requires less fertilizer than most orchids. Potting - Should be done about every one to two years. Use a good 10-10-10 balanced ratio.
Orchid Care - Oncidiums originate from sea level to the tropics. Temperatures - should be 55-60f at night and 80 85 during day. Water - Generally plants with large fleshy roots needs less water. Watering should be thorough. Plants not active should be watered less. Fertilizer - Apply a good 30-10-10 balanced fertilizer twice a month. Potting - Re-pot when plant is about half mature. Keep Humidity high and new pot should be medium dry until new roots form.
Dendrobium - Are very common at retail stores. Also called an air plant. Very leafy apperance. Temperatures - Mature plants like 15 to 20f difference between night and day. Leaves may drop if temperatures drop below 50f. WaterThey like moist soil but can tolerate dryness when plant is matured. Fertilizer - They like to be fertilized often especially during growing period. Use a good 10-10-10 balanced ratio. Potting - Repot every 2-3 years, give good aeration and drainage. They tend to like small pots for their size.
Remember always use a good orchid care fertilizer and soil for all your orchids. Typically the above orchids are what most nurseries have, but there are over 28,000 varieties.
Highly Recommended reading: Easy Orchid Care: Simple Secrets for Glorious Gardens-Indoors and Out
by Mimi Luebbermann "The old-fashioned description of sickly people as "delicate as a hothouse orchid" has left the orchid family languishing through the years with the reputation of..."
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